Email Us
View Reports

Global Food Acidulants Industry Research Report | Market Analysis, Industry Trends and Forecast 2017 – 2022

  • ID : 5731778  |  
  • Published : Jan-2018  |  
  • Region : Global  |  
  • Pages : 151   |  
  • Publisher : Maia Research

Based on the Food Acidulants industrial chain, this report mainly elaborate the definition, types, applications and major players of Food Acidulants market in details. Deep analysis about market status (2012-2017), enterprise competition pattern, advantages and disadvantages of enterprise Products, industry development trends (2017-2022), regional industrial layout characteristics and macroeconomic policies, industrial policy has also be included. From raw materials to downstream buyers of this industry will be analyzed scientifically, the feature of product circulation and sales channel will be presented as well. In a word, this report will help you to establish a panorama of industrial development and characteristics of the Food Acidulants market.

The Food Acidulants market can be split based on product types, major applications, and important regions.

Major Players in Food Acidulants market are:

Merko

Brenntag

Parry Enterprises

Hawkins Watts

ADM

Weifang Ensign

Tate & Lyle

Bartek

Purac Biochem

Cargill

Major Regions play vital role in Food Acidulants market are:

North America

Europe

China

Japan

Middle East & Africa

India

South America

Others

Most important types of Food Acidulants products covered in this report are:

Malic Acid

Glucose Acid

Fumaric Acid

Most widely used downstream fields of Food Acidulants market covered in this report are:

Drinks

Dessert

Other

Global Food Acidulants Industry Market Research Report

1 Food Acidulants Introduction and Market Overview

1.1 Objectives of the Study

1.2 Definition of Food Acidulants

1.3 Food Acidulants Market Scope and Market Size Estimation

1.3.1 Market Concentration Ratio and Market Maturity Analysis

1.3.2 Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate from 2012-2022

1.4 Market Segmentation

1.4.1 Types of Food Acidulants

1.4.2 Applications of Food Acidulants

1.4.3 Research Regions

1.4.3.1 North America Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.2 Europe Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.3 China Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.4 Japan Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.5 Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.6 India Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.4.3.7 South America Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

1.5 Market Dynamics

1.5.1 Drivers

1.5.1.1 Emerging Countries of Food Acidulants

1.5.1.2 Growing Market of Food Acidulants

1.5.2 Limitations

1.5.3 Opportunities

1.6 Industry News and Policies by Regions

1.6.1 Industry News

1.6.2 Industry Policies

2 Industry Chain Analysis

2.1 Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Food Acidulants Analysis

2.2 Major Players of Food Acidulants

2.2.1 Major Players Manufacturing Base and Market Share of Food Acidulants in 2016

2.2.2 Major Players Product Types in 2016

2.3 Food Acidulants Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis

2.3.1 Production Process Analysis

2.3.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure of Food Acidulants

2.3.3 Raw Material Cost of Food Acidulants

2.3.4 Labor Cost of Food Acidulants

2.4 Market Channel Analysis of Food Acidulants

2.5 Major Downstream Buyers of Food Acidulants Analysis

3 Global Food Acidulants Market, by Type

3.1 Analysis of Market Status and Feature by Type

3.2 Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Market Share by Type (2012-2017)

3.3 Global Food Acidulants Production and Market Share by Type (2012-2017)

3.4 Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate by Type (2012-2017)

3.5 Global Food Acidulants Price Analysis by Type (2012-2017)

4 Food Acidulants Market, by Application

4.1 Downstream Market Overview

4.2 Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Market Share by Application (2012-2017)

4.3 Downstream Buyers by Application

4.4 Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate by Application (2012-2017)

5 Global Food Acidulants Production, Value ($) by Region (2012-2017)

5.1 Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

5.2 Global Food Acidulants Production and Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

5.3 Global Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.4 North America Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.5 Europe Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.6 China Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.7 Japan Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.8 Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.9 India Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

5.10 South America Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

6 Global Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2012-2017)

6.1 Global Food Acidulants Consumption by Regions (2012-2017)

6.2 North America Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.3 Europe Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.4 China Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.5 Japan Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.6 Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.7 India Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

6.8 South America Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

7 Global Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis by Regions

7.1 North America Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.2 Europe Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.3 China Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.4 Japan Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.5 Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.6 India Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

7.7 South America Food Acidulants Market Status and SWOT Analysis

8 Competitive Landscape

8.1 Competitive Profile

8.2 Merko

8.2.1 Company Profiles

8.2.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.2.2.1 Product Introduction

8.2.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.2.3 Merko Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.2.4 Merko Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.3 Brenntag

8.3.1 Company Profiles

8.3.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.3.2.1 Product Introduction

8.3.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.3.3 Brenntag Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.3.4 Brenntag Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.4 Parry Enterprises

8.4.1 Company Profiles

8.4.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.4.2.1 Product Introduction

8.4.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.4.3 Parry Enterprises Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.4.4 Parry Enterprises Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.5 Hawkins Watts

8.5.1 Company Profiles

8.5.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.5.2.1 Product Introduction

8.5.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.5.3 Hawkins Watts Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.5.4 Hawkins Watts Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.6 ADM

8.6.1 Company Profiles

8.6.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.6.2.1 Product Introduction

8.6.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.6.3 ADM Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.6.4 ADM Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.7 Weifang Ensign

8.7.1 Company Profiles

8.7.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.7.2.1 Product Introduction

8.7.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.7.3 Weifang Ensign Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.7.4 Weifang Ensign Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.8 Tate & Lyle

8.8.1 Company Profiles

8.8.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.8.2.1 Product Introduction

8.8.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.8.3 Tate & Lyle Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.8.4 Tate & Lyle Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.9 Bartek

8.9.1 Company Profiles

8.9.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.9.2.1 Product Introduction

8.9.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.9.3 Bartek Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.9.4 Bartek Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.10 Purac Biochem

8.10.1 Company Profiles

8.10.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.10.2.1 Product Introduction

8.10.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.10.3 Purac Biochem Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.10.4 Purac Biochem Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

8.11 Cargill

8.11.1 Company Profiles

8.11.2 Food Acidulants Product Introduction and Market Positioning

8.11.2.1 Product Introduction

8.11.2.2 Market Positioning and Target Customers

8.11.3 Cargill Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

8.11.4 Cargill Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

9 Global Food Acidulants Market Analysis and Forecast by Type and Application

9.1 Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) & Volume Forecast, by Type (2017-2022)

9.1.1 Malic Acid Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

9.1.2 Glucose Acid Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

9.1.3 Fumaric Acid Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

9.2 Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) & Volume Forecast, by Application (2017-2022)

9.2.1 Drinks Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

9.2.2 Dessert Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

9.2.3 Other Market Value ($) and Volume Forecast (2017-2022)

10 Food Acidulants Market Analysis and Forecast by Region

10.1 North America Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.2 Europe Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.3 China Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.4 Japan Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.5 Middle East & Africa Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.6 India Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

10.7 South America Market Value ($) and Consumption Forecast (2017-2022)

11 New Project Feasibility Analysis

11.1 Industry Barriers and New Entrants SWOT Analysis

11.2 Analysis and Suggestions on New Project Investment

12 Research Finding and Conclusion

13 Appendix

13.1 Discussion Guide

13.2 Knowledge Store: Maia Subscription Portal

13.3 Research Data Source

13.4 Research Assumptions and Acronyms Used

Figure Product Picture of Food Acidulants

Table Product Specification of Food Acidulants

Figure Market Concentration Ratio and Market Maturity Analysis of Food Acidulants

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate from 2012-2022

Table Different Types of Food Acidulants

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Segment by Type from 2012-2017

Figure Malic Acid Picture

Figure Glucose Acid Picture

Figure Fumaric Acid Picture

Table Different Applications of Food Acidulants

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Segment by Applications from 2012-2017

Figure Drinks Picture

Figure Dessert Picture

Figure Other Picture

Table Research Regions of Food Acidulants

Figure North America Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Figure Europe Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table China Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table Japan Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table India Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table South America Food Acidulants Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2012-2017)

Table Emerging Countries of Food Acidulants

Table Growing Market of Food Acidulants

Figure Industry Chain Analysis of Food Acidulants

Table Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Food Acidulants with Contact Information

Table Major Players Manufacturing Base and Market Share ($) of Food Acidulants in 2016

Table Major Players Food Acidulants Product Types in 2016

Figure Production Process of Food Acidulants

Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Food Acidulants

Figure Channel Status of Food Acidulants

Table Major Distributors of Food Acidulants with Contact Information

Table Major Downstream Buyers of Food Acidulants with Contact Information

Table Analysis of Market Status and Feature by Type

Table Global Food Acidulants Value ($) by Type (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Share by Type (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Share by Type (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Production by Type (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Production Share by Type (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Production Share by Type (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate of Malic Acid

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate of Glucose Acid

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) and Growth Rate of Fumaric Acid

Table Global Food Acidulants Price by Type (2012-2017)

Figure Downstream Market Overview

Table Global Food Acidulants Consumption by Application (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Consumption Market Share by Application (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption Market Share by Application (2012-2017)

Table Downstream Buyers Introduction by Application

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Drinks (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Dessert (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Other (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Value ($) by Region (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Value ($) Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Production by Region (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Production Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Production Market Share by Region (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table North America Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table Europe Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table China Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table Japan Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table India Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table South America Food Acidulants Production, Value ($), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

Table Global Food Acidulants Consumption by Regions (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption Share by Regions (2012-2017)

Table North America Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table Europe Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table China Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table Japan Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table India Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Table South America Food Acidulants Production, Consumption, Export, Import (2012-2017)

Figure North America Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure North America Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure North America Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure Europe Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Europe Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Europe Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure China Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure China Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure China Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure Japan Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Japan Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Japan Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure Middle East & Africa Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure India Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure India Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure India Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure South America Food Acidulants Production and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure South America Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate Analysis

Figure South America Food Acidulants SWOT Analysis

Figure Competitive Matrix and Pattern Characteristics of Food Acidulants Market

Figure Top 3 Market Share of Food Acidulants Companies

Figure Top 6 Market Share of Food Acidulants Companies

Table Mergers, Acquisitions and Expansion Analysis

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Merko Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Merko Production and Growth Rate

Figure Merko Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Merko Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Brenntag Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Brenntag Production and Growth Rate

Figure Brenntag Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Brenntag Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Parry Enterprises Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Parry Enterprises Production and Growth Rate

Figure Parry Enterprises Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Parry Enterprises Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Hawkins Watts Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Hawkins Watts Production and Growth Rate

Figure Hawkins Watts Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Hawkins Watts Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table ADM Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure ADM Production and Growth Rate

Figure ADM Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure ADM Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Weifang Ensign Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Weifang Ensign Production and Growth Rate

Figure Weifang Ensign Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Weifang Ensign Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Tate & Lyle Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Tate & Lyle Production and Growth Rate

Figure Tate & Lyle Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Tate & Lyle Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Bartek Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Bartek Production and Growth Rate

Figure Bartek Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Bartek Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Purac Biochem Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Purac Biochem Production and Growth Rate

Figure Purac Biochem Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Purac Biochem Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Company Profiles

Table Product Introduction

Table Market Positioning and Target Customers

Table Cargill Production, Value ($), Price, Gross Margin 2012-2017E

Figure Cargill Production and Growth Rate

Figure Cargill Value ($) Market Share 2012-2017E

Figure Cargill Market Share of Food Acidulants Segmented by Region in 2016

Table Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) Forecast, by Type

Table Global Food Acidulants Market Volume Forecast, by Type

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Malic Acid (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Malic Acid (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Glucose Acid (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Glucose Acid (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Fumaric Acid (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Fumaric Acid (2017-2022)

Table Global Market Value ($) Forecast by Application (2017-2022)

Table Global Market Volume Forecast by Application (2017-2022)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Drinks (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Dessert (2012-2017)

Figure Global Food Acidulants Consumption and Growth Rate of Other (2012-2017)

Figure Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Other (2017-2022)

Figure Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Other (2017-2022)

Figure North America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table North America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure Europe Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table Europe Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure China Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table China Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure Japan Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table Japan Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure Middle East & Africa Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table Middle East & Africa Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure India Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table India Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure South America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Table South America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)

Figure Industry Resource/Technology/Labor Importance Analysis

Table New Entrants SWOT Analysis

Table New Project Analysis of Investment Recovery

Purchase this Market Research Report

REACH OUT TO US

Call us on : +1 888 709 8757

Drop us an email at : info@researchcosmos.com

HAVE A QUESTION?